Statistical decision baking is popular as data science method for risk.
The basic index is expectation. Expectation is the sum of the product of productivity and effect (or loss). Expectation seems to be average with probability. It is the main index in Risk Evaluation .
Other indexes are maximin-standard, maximax-standard, Harwicz-standard, Laplace-standard and Savage-standard. Maximin-standard is calculated from the best number from the worst cases. It is called that "Maximin-standard is for pessimists. Maximax-standard is for optimists."
These indexes are difficult to use because we must prepare all data. In practical use, we do with limited data.
In the real world, the condition is changing one after another. But many methods of Data Science do not consider the changing condition.
Bayesian Statistics is good at the condition near the real. It is useful for below.